The stars will vanish, steam will rise, and flames will touch the heavens. This conflict will result in the deaths of most of the major Gods and forces of Chaos. Finally, Surtr will fling fire across the nine worlds. The ocean will then completely submerge Midgard. After the cataclysm the world will resurface new and fertile, and the surviving Gods will meet.
Some first-century Christians believed Jesus would return during their lifetime. When the converts of Paul in Thessalonica were persecuted by the Roman Empire , they believed the end of days to be imminent. While some who believe in the literal interpretation of the Bible insist that the prediction of dates or times is futile, others believe Jesus foretold signs of the end of days. The precise time, however, will come like a "thief in the night" 1 Thess. They may also refer to Matthew in which Jesus is quoted as saying:.
Christian eschatology - Wikipedia
But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only. In the New Testament, Jesus refers to this period preceding the end times as the "Great Tribulation" Matthew , "Affliction" Mark , and "days of vengeance" Luke When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, whoso readeth, let him understand.
Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains. Let him which is on the housetop not come down Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes, and woe unto them that are with child For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened. The resulting chaos will affect pregnancies, newborns, and a scourge will spread throughout the flesh, save for the elect.
The vivid imagery of this section is repeated closely in Mark — The Gospel of Luke describes a complete unraveling of the social fabric, with widespread calamity and war:. There will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and pestilences. And there will be terrors and great signs from heaven. But before all this they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors for my name's sake.
This will be your opportunity to bear witness. Settle it therefore in your minds not to meditate beforehand how to answer, for I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which none of your adversaries will be able to withstand or contradict. You will be delivered up even by parents and brothers and relatives and friends, and some of you they will put to death.
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You will be hated by all for my name's sake. But not a hair of your head will perish. By your endurance you will gain your lives. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are inside the city depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter it, for these are days of vengeance, to fulfill all that is written. Alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days!
For there will be great distress upon the earth and wrath against this people.
They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. For the powers of the heavens will be shaken. And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. Now when these things begin to take place, straighten up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near. As soon as they come out in leaf, you see for yourselves and know that the summer is already near. So also, when you see these things taking place, you know that the kingdom of God is near.
Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all has taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. Protestants are divided between Millennialists and Amillennialists. Millennialists concentrate on the issue of whether the true believers will see the tribulation or be removed from it by what is referred to as a Pre-Tribulation Rapture. Amillennialists believe that the end times encompass the time from Christ's ascension to the Last day, and maintain that the mention of the "thousand years" in the Book of Revelation is meant to be taken metaphorically i.
There is a range of eschatological belief in Protestant Christianity. Christian premillennialists who believe that the End Times are occurring now, are usually specific about timelines that climax in the end of the world. For some, Israel , the European Union , or the United Nations are seen as major players whose roles were foretold in scripture. Within dispensational premillennialist writing, there is the belief that Christians will be summoned to Heaven by Christ at the Rapture , occurring before a "Great Tribulation" prophesied in Matthew 24—25; Mark 13 and Luke The Tribulation is described in the book of Revelation.
Post-Exilic Hebrew books of prophecy such as Daniel and Ezekiel are given new interpretations in this tradition, while in apocalyptic forecasts appear in the Judeo-Christian Sibylline Oracles which include the Book of Revelation ascribed to John, the apocryphal Apocalypse of Peter , and the Second Book Of Esdras. Most fundamentalist Christians anticipate biblical prophecy to be literally fulfilled.
They see current wars, natural disaster and famine as the birth pangs which Jesus described in Matthew —8 and Mark They believe that mankind began in the garden of Eden , and point to the Valley of Megiddo as the place where the current world system will terminate, after which the Messiah will rule for 1, years. Contemporary use of the term End Times has evolved from literal belief in Christian millennialism. In this tradition, Biblical apocalypse is believed to be imminent, with various current events as omens of impending Armageddon.
These beliefs have been put forward by the Adventist movement Millerites , Jehovah's Witnesses , and dispensational premillennialists. In a group of eight well known preachers produced the London Manifesto , warning of an imminent second coming of Christ shortly after the liberation of Jerusalem by the British. Religious movements which expect that the second coming of Christ as a cataclysmic event are generally called adventism.
These have arisen throughout the Christian era, but were particularly common after the Protestant Reformation. Emanuel Swedenborg considered the second coming to be symbolic, and to have occurred in Along with others, he developed a religious system around the second coming of Christ, disclosed by new prophecy or special revelation not described in the Bible. The Millerites are diverse religious groups which similarly rely upon a special gift of interpretation for predicting the second coming.
The difference between the 19th-century Millerite and Adventist movements and contemporary prophecy is that William Miller and his followers, based on Biblical interpretation, predicted the time of the Second Coming to have occurred in Contemporary writing of end time has suggested that the timetable will be triggered by future wars and moral catastrophe , and that this time of tribulation is close at hand.
Seventh-day Adventists believe Biblical prophecy to foretell an end time scenario in which the United States works in conjunction with the Catholic Church to mandate worship on a day other than the true Sabbath, Saturday, as prescribed in the Ten Commandments Exodus — This will bring about a situation where one must choose for or against the Bible as the will of God. Another view of the end times is preterism. It distinguishes the time of the end from the end of time.
Preterists believe the term Last Days or Time of the End refers to, neither the last days of the Earth, nor the last days of humankind, but the end of the Old Covenant between God and Israel ; which, according to preterism, took place when the Temple in Jerusalem which was destroyed in 70 CE.
What Does the Bible Say About the Rapture?
Preterists believe that prophecies —such as the Second Coming , the desecration of the Jewish Temple, the destruction of Jerusalem, the rise of the Antichrist , the Great Tribulation , the advent of The Day of the Lord , and a Final Judgment —had been fulfilled when the Romans sacked Jerusalem and completely destroyed its Temple. Proponents of full preterism do not believe in a coming resurrection of the dead.
They place this event as well as the Second Coming in the year Advocates of partial preterism do believe in a coming resurrection. Full preterists contend that partial preterists are merely futurists , since they believe the Second Coming, the Resurrection, the Rapture , and the Judgment are yet to come. Many preterists believe that first-century Christians experienced the Rapture to rejoin the Christ.
According with Preterism's interpretation of end times, many "time passages" in the New Testament foretell a Second Coming of Christ, with Last Days to take place within the lifetimes of his disciples: Matt. Dispensationalism is an evangelical futurist Biblical interpretation that foresees a series of dispensations , or periods, in which God relates to human beings under different Biblical covenants. The belief system is primarily rooted in the writings of John Nelson Darby and is premillennial in content.
The reestablishment of Israel in provided a major impetus to the dispensationalist belief system. The wars of Israel after with its Arab neighbors provided further support, according to John F.
Members of the dispensationalist movement such as Hal Lindsey , J. Dwight Pentecost , John Walvoord , all of whom have Dallas Theological Seminary backgrounds, and some other writers, claimed further that the European Economic Community , which preceded the European Union , would become a United States of Europe , which would in turn become a Revived Roman Empire ruled by the Antichrist. The fact that in the early s, there were erroneously thought to be seven nations in the European Economic Community was held to be significant; this aligned the Community with a seven-headed beast mentioned in Revelation.
This specific prophecy has required revision, but the idea of a Revived Roman Empire remains. The separate destinies of the Church and Israel, a belief which is inherent in dispensationalism , is a particular concern to some Jews and evangelical Christians. Evangelicals who reject dispensationalism, such as those who hold to a Post Tribulation Rapture , or more accurately a Post Tribulation Resurrection-Rapture , see both the Church and Israel entering the crucible of the End Time together.
Dispensationalism, in contrast to the Millerite Adventist movement, had its beginning in the 19th century, when John Nelson Darby , founder of the Plymouth Brethren religious denomination , incorporated into his system of Biblical interpretation a system of organizing Biblical time into a number of discrete dispensations , each of which marks a separate covenant with God.
Darby's beliefs were widely publicized in Cyrus I. Since the majority of the Biblical prophets were writing at a time when the Temple in Jerusalem was still functioning, they wrote as if it would still be standing during the prophesied events. According to preterism, this was a fulfillment of the prophecies. However, according to Futurists , their destruction in AD 70 put the prophetic timetable on hold. Many such believers therefore anticipated the return of Jews to Israel and the reconstruction of the Temple before the Second Coming could occur.
A view of the Second Coming of Christ as held by post-tribulational pre-millennialists holds that the Church of Christ will have to undergo great persecution by being present during the great tribulation. In , William Miller made the first of several predictions that the world would end in only a few months.
As his predictions did not come true referred to as the Great Disappointment , followers of Miller went on to found separate groups, the most successful of which is the Seventh-day Adventist Church. End times theology is also significant to restorationist Christian religions, which consider themselves distinct from both Catholicism and Protestantism. The eschatology of Jehovah's Witnesses is central to their religious beliefs. They believe that Jesus Christ has been ruling in heaven as king since a date they believe was prophesied in Scripture , and that after that time a period of cleansing occurred, resulting in God's selection of the Bible Students associated with Charles Taze Russell to be his people in They also believe the destruction of those who reject their message  and thus willfully refuse to obey God   will shortly take place at Armageddon , ensuring that the beginning of the new earthly society will be composed of willing subjects of that kingdom.
The religion's doctrines surrounding are the legacy of a series of emphatic claims regarding the years ,  ,  ,  ,   and  made in the Watch Tower Society's publications between and Claims about the significance of those years, including the presence of Jesus Christ, the beginning of the "last days", the destruction of worldly governments and the earthly resurrection of Jewish patriarchs, were successively abandoned. The Watch Tower Society has admitted its early leaders promoted "incomplete, even inaccurate concepts".
Watch Tower publications often cite Proverbs , "The path of the righteous ones is like the bright light that is getting lighter and lighter until the day is firmly established" NWT to support their view that there would be an increase in knowledge during "the time of the end", as mentioned in Daniel Jehovah's Witnesses state that this increase in knowledge needs adjustments.
Watch Tower publications also say that unfulfilled expectations are partly due to eagerness for God's Kingdom and that they do not call their core beliefs into question. According to church doctrine, the true gospel will be taught in all parts of the world prior to the Second Coming. Christ shall reign for a period of years, after which the Final Judgement will occur.
Muslims believe that there are three periods before the Day of Judgment , also known as ashratu's-sa'ah or alamatu qiyami's-sa'ah, with some debate as to whether the periods could overlap. According to Harun Yahya , the first period is said to have begun with the death of Muhammad. The second began with the passing of all his Companions, and ended a thousand years later. Another event of the second period was the Tartar invasion, occurring years after Muhammad. They massacred millions of Muslims, and the water of the river Tigris turned red with blood.
A traditional narration also predicted a fire at Madinah in the Hijaz near Busra in Syria, which Islamic scholars believe occurred in AH. Following the second, the third and final period will be heralded by the appearance of the Mahdi. Sunnis believe that the dead will then stand in a grand assembly, awaiting a scroll detailing their righteous deeds, sinful acts and ultimate judgment. The signs of the coming end time are divided into major and minor signs :. Following the second period, the third is said to be marked by the ten major signs known as alamatu's-sa'ah al- kubra The major signs of the end.
Concepts and terminology in Shia eschatology includes Mi'ad , The Occultation and Al-Yamani , Sufyani In Twelver Shia narrations about the last days, the literature largely revolves around Muhammad al-Mahdi , a messianic figure considered to be the twelfth appointed successor to Muhammad.
Mahdi will help mankind against the deception by a man called Dajjal who will try to get people in to a new world religion which is called "the great deception". Ahmadiyya is considered distinct from mainstream Islam. In its writing, the present age has been witness to the evil of man and wrath of God, with war and natural disaster.
His teaching will establish spiritual reform and establish an age of peace. This will continue for a thousand years, and will unify mankind under one faith. Ahmadis believe that despite harsh and strong opposition and discrimination they will eventually be triumphant and their message vindicated both by Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Ahmadis also incorporate the eschatological views from other religions into their doctrine and believe that Mirza Ghulam Ahmed falls into this sequence. In rabbinic literature , rabbis elaborated and explained the prophecies that were found in the Hebrew Bible, along with oral law and rabbinic traditions about its significance.
Four Signs the Second Coming Is Near
The main tenets of Jewish eschatology, in no particular order, include: . The idea of a messianic age , an era of global peace and knowledge of the Creator, has a prominent place in Jewish thought, and is incorporated as part of the end of days. A well-known passage from the Book of Isaiah describes this future condition of the world: "They shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks; nation will not lift sword against nation and they will no longer study warfare"  Maimonides — further describes the Messianic Era in the Mishneh Torah : "And at that time there will be no hunger or war, no jealousy or rivalry.
For the good will be plentiful, and all delicacies available as dust. The entire occupation of the world will be only to know God As it is written Isaiah : 'For the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of God, as the waters cover the sea. The Zohar  maintains that the seven days of the week, based on the seven days of creation, correspond to the seven millennia of creation.
What Do the Words “End Times” Mean in Scripture?
The seventh day of the week, the Shabbat day of rest, corresponds to the seventh millennium, the age of universal rest, or the Messianic Era. The seventh millennium begins with the year AM , and is the latest time the Messiah can come. Rastafarians have a unique interpretation of end times, based on the Old Testament and the Book of Revelation.
They saw the crowning of Selassie as the second coming , and the Second Italo-Ethiopian War as fulfillment of Revelation. There is also the expectation that Selassie will return for a day of judgment and bring home the lost children of Israel, which in Rastafarianism refer to those taken from Africa through the slave trade. There will then be an era of peace and harmony at Mount Zion in Africa. Zoroastrian eschatology is considered one of the oldest in recorded history. The birth of its founder, Zoroaster , is unknown, with scholarly dates ranging from 6th century BCE to 5, years earlier.
Pliny the Elder even suggests there were two Zoroasters. The Bahman Yasht describes:. At the end of thy tenth hundredth winter, the sun is more unseen and more spotted; the year, month, and day are shorter; and the earth is more barren; and the crop will not yield the seed. And men become more deceitful and more given to vile practices.
They will have no gratitude.
Honorable wealth will proceed to those of perverted faith. And a dark cloud makes the whole sky night, and it will rain more noxious creatures than water. A Manichaean battle between the righteous and wicked will be followed by the Frashokereti. On earth, the Saoshyant will arrive as the final savior of mankind, and bring about the resurrection of the dead. The yazata s Airyaman and Atar will melt the metal in the hills and mountains, which will flow as lava across the earth and all mankind, both the living and resurrected, will be required to wade through it.
Ashavan will pass through the molten river as if it were warm milk, but the sinful will burn. It will then flow down to hell, where it will annihilate Angra Mainyu and the last vestiges of wickedness. The righteous will partake of the parahaoma , which will confer immortality upon them. Humanity will become like the Amesha Spentas , living without food, hunger, thirst, weapons or injury. Bodies will become so light as to cast no shadow. All humanity will speak a single language, and belong to a single nation with no borders.
All will share a single purpose and goal, joining with Ahura Mazda for a perpetual and divine exaltation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses of these terms, see End Times disambiguation , Endtime disambiguation , Eschaton disambiguation , and Last days disambiguation. Maitreya Three Ages. Olivet Discourse Sheep and Goats. Four Horsemen Antichrist. Historicism Futurism. Second Coming Islamic eschatology. Kalki Kali Yuga Shiva. Death Resurrection Last Judgement.
Messianism Book of Daniel Kabbalah. Li Hong. Frashokereti Saoshyant. End times Apocalypticism. Millenarianism Last Judgment. Gog and Magog Messianic Age. Main articles: Buddhist eschatology and Maitreya. Main articles: Hindu eschatology and Kalki.
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The Millennium. Biblical texts. Key terms. Main articles: Abomination of desolation and Great Tribulation. Main article: Preterism. Main articles: Dispensationalism and Christian Zionism. Main article: Great Disappointment. Main article: Eschatology of Jehovah's Witnesses. Main article: Islamic eschatology. Those who escaped, were left behind by the waters of the flood, while those who lost their lives were taken away by the water.
Therefore, we can see that the Bible does not support the idea of the secret rapture for the saved. Those who hold to the idea of a secret rapture also believe that there will be seven years of tribulation following the rapture and that during this time individuals who were left on earth will have another opportunity to accept Jesus and be saved.
Is there any Bible evidence for this belief? There is no seven-year period to reconsider our lives and change our destiny. All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. And He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left. That is not to say there will not be a tribulation. However, does Scripture support the interpretation that Christian believers will be raptured, and taken away from the tribulation, leaving only the wicked?
Similarly, right before Christ returns, the faithfulness of the elect will cause them to be the target of the ungodly, bringing about a time of persecution and great tribulation. However, just as throughout all of Biblical history, God preserves His elect. When the last day judgments are poured out on the world, God will shield those who follow Him with all their heart and mind. Historically, the belief in the secret rapture is relatively new. Of course, the truth of a teaching is not dependent upon who believes it, but whether or not it is in line with all of the Scriptures.
Thus, as we have seen, the teaching of the secret rapture is not found in line with what the Bible teaches about the Second Coming of Jesus. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also. And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, who also said, 'Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven.
And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. Even so, Amen. For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. Watch therefore, for you do not know what hour your Lord is coming. Luke NKJV , " 'Two women will be grinding together: the one will be taken and the other left.
Two men will be in the field: the one will be taken and the other left. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord. Revelation NKJV , "Then the sky receded as a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island was moved out of its place. For the great day of His wrath has come, and who is able to stand?
And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses.
Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. Languages Study in More Languages. What is the rapture? The meaning or definition of the rapture is the idea that the coming of Jesus will take place in two separate stages. Browse rapture topics Is the second coming secret? Will Jesus come as a thief in the night? Raptured or left behind? Seven years of tribulation Are the elect raptured before the tribulation?
How old is the rapture theory? Is Jesus' Second Coming Secret? Will Jesus come like a thief in the night?
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